Alice C. Linsley
Biblical Anthropology involves research into the point of origin of the languages of Biblical peoples such as the Egyptians, the Nilo-Saharans, and the Canaanites. The German word for the primitive homeland of the language is "urheimat" and the identification of a language's urheimat requires linguistic, genetic, anthropological, and archaeological evidence.
Genetic, archaeological and linguistic studies of Nilo-Saharan-speaking populations point to the urheimat in eastern Sudan before 6000 BC, when the Sahara was wet and sustained herds. There were subsequent migrations along the Nile Valley, into Kenya and Tanzania, and westward to the Chad Basin, Noah's homeland.
The Y-shaped headdress of the Somali nomads is called barki and refers to the sun's blessing upon the wearer. The word corresponds to the Hebrew word birka.
The Y symbol was associated with the horns of the cow, the animal totem of Hathor, the mother of Horus, called the "son" of God. Images of Hathor show her with the sun cradled in the horns. This solar symbolism for the High God is why cows were venerated in the ancient world.
Hathor-Meri was the patroness of metal workers. A Canaanite temple dedicated to Hathor was discovered at the southwestern edge of Mt. Timnah by Professor Beno Rothenberg of Hebrew University. Timnah is the site of the oldest copper mines in the ancient Near East.
The Y symbol is found in the Oasis North Arabian scripts and in the "Canaanite" alphabet shown in the chart below. Hebrew was one of the language that developed from the Canaanite.
The symbolism of the Y involves the wider solar symbolism of Abraham's ancestors who regarded the sun as the Creator's emblem. These archaic ancestors apparently hoped for life after death through the agency of a great ruler. The ruler would come of the ruler-priest line and his name would bear the initial Y as a sign of his divine appointment.
The ancient Nilo-Saharans, the Egyptians, and the Canaanites regarded the Sun as the emblem of the Creator and believed that the sun's rays inseminate the earth and give life. Today we know from science that there would be no life on earth without the Sun.
Looking again at the chart above, note a close connection between the ancient Egyptian and the North Cushitic Beja. The Beja (Arabic: البجا) live in parts of Sudan, Egypt and the Horn of Africa. Their name comes from the ancient Egyptian word for meteroric iron - bja (metal from heaven), and they were/are metalworkers. Beja corresponds to the Sanskrit word bija, meaning semen or seed.
|Hathor with ankh|
We also know, as did these ancient peoples, that there is a relationship between solar events and the winds on earth. This is expressed in the Egyptian ankh, the equivalent to the Canaanite Y. In ancient Nile monuments Hathor-Meri and deified rulers are often shown holding an ankh to someone's lips, offering them The Breath of Life or The Ruach (Wind/Breath) of God.
The Agadez Cross (left) is crafted by the Inadan smiths of Niger and symbolizes the same sense of divine blessing and appointment. It is equivalent to the Canaanite Y and to the Egyptian ankh. All three are solar symbols.
This common solar symbolism suggests that the scripts and cultural perceptions of the Nilo-Saharans, the ancient Egyptians, the Canaanites and the Beja share a point of origin in the Sahara when it was wet enough to sustain many peoples and herds. This also appears to be the point of origin of Messianic expectation.
Related reading: The Canaanite Y and the Phaistos Disk; Boats and Cows of the Nilo-Saharans; A Tent for the Sun; Iron Seeds From Heaven; The Aleph as Ox Head; Celestial Symbols that Speak of God; The Virgin Mary's Horite Ancestry; Who is Jesus?; Who Were the Wise Men?; The Ra-Horus-Hathor Narrative