Monday, October 29, 2018

Who Were the Horite Hebrew?


Horus unites the peoples.

Alice C. Linsley

The mysterious 'Apiru were known also as the Hapiru or Habiru. Habiru is rendered "Hebrew" in English Bibles. These people are the oldest known caste of ruler-priests. In the ancient Egyptian language nibit piru means "lady of the house."

The earliest known references to this group of people are found in ancient Sumerian cuneiform tablets. Ancient Egyptian literature also mentions the 'Apiru. The Habiru are mentioned in the Amarna Letters, a collection of 14th century B.C. letters. The Harris papyrus also speaks of the 'Apriu of Ra at Heliopolis (biblical On), a very prestigious ancient Sun city. Joseph married Asenath, the daughter of the priest of On.

Plutarch wrote that the “priests of the Sun at Heliopolis never carry wine into their temples, for they regard it as indecent for those who are devoted to the service of any god to indulge in the drinking of wine whilst they are under the immediate inspection of their Lord and King. The priests of the other deities are not so scrupulous in this respect, for they use it, though sparingly.”

The Hebrew priests were unique in the ancient world and greatly respected. Therefore, they were sought as servants of the early high kings who constructed palaces and royal temple complexes at what the Bible terms "high places."

The Hapiru served in the ancient Sun temples and shrines. These were build at high elevations near major sources of water. A temple was the mansion (hâît) or the house (pirû) of the god, so Ha'piru refers to those who served at the god's house. The ancient Dravidians referred to their East-oriented temples as Opiru, meaning "Sun House."

The Habiru priests were to meet certain requirements while on duty. They wore only linen or clothing made from plants. Clothing made from animals was not permitted. This is one of the differences between the priest and the shaman. They shaved their heads and bodies daily. Cold water baths were taken several times a day. They practiced sexual abstinence before and while serving at the temple or shrine.

Evidence of the religious devotion and ubiquitous presence of the Horite Hebrew is reflected in the many place names that are associated with Horus: Haryana means "Horus is the vehicle." Harappa means "Horus is Father" in Dravidian. In southern India, it was the custom to build temporary fire altars in the shape of a falcon, the totem of Horus. According to the Shulba Sutras, this is the sign for those who desire heaven: "he who desires heaven is to construct a fire-altar in the form of a falcon."

Because the "piru" housed the deity, only the priest was permitted to enter the most sacred area of the temple. The people prayed at the gate or in the court. They directed their prayers toward the rising Sun, the emblem of the Creator and his Son. Their ruler-priest acted as a mediator between the people and God.

The term "Habiru" does not designate a tribal group, but rather a caste of priests who were dispersed among widely in the service of the Mighty Men of Old (Genesis 10). These are the first known potentates or High Kings. Among them were the Kushite kingdom builder Nimrod, who is probably Sargon.

Among the Habiru there were different groups, depending on the deity they served. Abraham's Hebrew people were devotees of the High God whose son was called Horus. Thus they are called "Horite" Hebrew. Some of their rulers are listed in Genesis 36.

The priests of Ani/Enki (Mesopotamian) or Ra/Horus (Nilotic) were identified as Horite Hapiru. They spread their devotion to Horus, the son of God, across the ancient Afro-Asiatic Dominion. In The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid and Coffin Texts we find fascinating details about Horus. He was said to be co-equal with the Father and to die and rise on the third day.

Horus was conceived by the overshadowing of the Sun. That is shown in this image of his mother, Hathor. According to Luke 1, the Virgin Mary conceived by divine overshadowing.




The offspring of the Woman of Genesis 3:15 is called the "Seed." Some argue that Jesus never claimed to be the Messiah, the Son of God. However, he identified himself as the Seed when he told his disciples that he was going to Jerusalem to die. "The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you the truth, unless a kernal/grain/seed of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds." (John 12:23)

The Messianic expectation of Genesis 3:15 was expressed about 1000 years before the Psalms in the ancient Pyramid Texts. "Horus has shattered (tbb, crushed) the mouth of the serpent with the sole of his foot (tbw)" Utterance 388

Consider how Horus describes himself in the ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts (148):

I am Horus, the great Falcon upon the ramparts of the house of him of the hidden name. My flight has reached the horizon. I have passed by the gods of Nut. I have gone further than the gods of old. Even the most ancient bird could not equal my very first flight. I have removed my place beyond the powers of Set, the foe of my father Osiris. No other god could do what I have done. I have brought the ways of eternity to the twilight of the morning. I am unique in my flight. My wrath will be turned against the enemy of my father Osiris and I will put him beneath my feet in my name of ‘Red Cloak’. 

Here we find the words of Psalm 110:1, a clear messianic reference: The Lord says to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”

Horus unites the peoples.This is why he is said to wear the double crown. "Then take silver and gold, and make crowns [ataroth], and set them on the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest..." Zechariah 6:11



The ruler-priest Yeshua (Joshua/Jesus) wears the double crown as a sign that he unites the peoples. The double crown was worn by the rulers of a united Nile Valley. The red crown (desher) represents Lower Nile (Egypt) and the white crown (nefer) represents Upper Nile (ancient Nubia). After the unification of the Upper and Lower Nile regions the two crowns were joined to represent a unified Egypt.

The Horite Hebrew believed that heavenly recognition of a people depended on the righteousness of their ruler-priest. Therefore purity of life was highly valued. The proof of heavenly recognition and acceptance was the resurrection of the dead ruler-priest on the third day.

The New Testament speaks about Jesus as the ruler-priest. He is the firstborn from the grave and by his resurrection He delivers to the Father a "peculiar people." He leads us in the ascent to the Father where we receive heavenly recognition because we belong to Him.

Heavenly recognition for the Horite Hebrew was never an individual prospect. Heavenly recognition came to the people through the righteousness of their ruler-priest. Horite rulers took this seriously, some more than others. The best were heavenly minded and the worst were so earthy minded that they shed much blood enlarging their territories. All failed to be the Ruler-Priest who rose from the dead. Therefore, none have the power to deliver captives from the grave and to lead them to the throne of heaven (Ps. 68:18; Ps. 7:7; Eph. 4:8). The evidence of a long-standing Tradition points to the Son of God, Jesus, who alone fits the pattern of Messianic expectation.

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Decoding the Longevity of the Genesis Rulers

Alice C. Linsley


In his Homilies on the Psalms, St. Jerome notes: "I am reviewing carefully the places in Scripture where I might find old age mentioned for the first time. Adam lived for 930 years, yet he is not called an old man. Methuselah's life was 969 years, and he is not called an old man. I am coming down all the way to the flood, and after the flood for almost three thousand years, and I find no one who has been called old. Abraham is the first, and certainly he was much younger than Methuselah." (HP 21)

Jerome's observation is significant. Abraham was old, probably about 75 years at his dead. This was a long lifespan for people living about 5000 years ago. Paleopathology indicates that the lifespan of ancient peoples living in an area extending from North Africa to Turkey and Mesopotamia was about 34 years. This applies to peoples in the Late Paleolithic - 30,000 to 9,000 B.C., the Mesolithic - 9,000 to 7,000 B.C. and the Early Neolithic - 7,000 to 5,000 B.C. This would apply to all the rulers listed in Genesis, although rulers tended to live longer than the average people.

One might argue that the patriarchs enjoyed extraordinary longevity by divine providence. Were this the case we would want to know why God’s providence is limited to a specific time, people and place. In other words, the singularity of the extraordinary longevity of these patriarchs is a miracle and therefore beyond scientific explanation. While I believe in miracles, I find this explanation unlikely and without biblical support.

As St. Jerome noted, the only patriarch said to have died at an old age was Abraham (Gen. 24:1, 25:8). This means that the number of years attributed to the Genesis rulers are not to be taken as literal years. They appear to represent ideas about these people and are symbolic.

This is supported by the assignment of 930 years to Adam, an anti-type of Jesus Christ. Paul wrote: “For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. But each one in his own order: Christ the first fruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at his coming. Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father…” (1 Corinthians 15:22-24a)

The number 9 is the last number before beginning the 1-10 counting cycle again. The 3 represents unity of body, mind and soul, and the unity of the Godhead. The symbolism of the zero is likely linked to the solar cycle and has numerical symbolism older than Gematria which has no notation for zero.

Gematria is influenced by Greek sacred geometry and is found in Plato’s writings. Doubtless, Plato was influenced by the geometry of Pythagoras, since he had studied in Egypt, but Pythagoras’ work came much later than the period in which Abraham’s ancestors lived.

In Gematria, numeric values are found by adding the numeric values of the Greek or Hebrew letters. But the numbers in the Genesis King lists are not based on the letters of the Greek or Hebrew alphabets, since these alphabets didn’t exist in Abraham’s time. The number symbolism is likely based on an older system, but it does not help us to understand the symbolism of Kenan's 910 years, Seth's 600 years and Adam’s 930 years because it has no notation for zero and because it is based on alphabets which were unknown to the ancient Horite Hebrew.

In Gematria the sum of Methuselah's 969 days would be represented by the numerical values of the Greek letters omega and stigma, letters unknown to Abraham and his ancestors. Ultimately, Gematria is not helpful in interpreting the number symbolism of Abraham’s Horite Hebrew people.

It is fairly certain that the meaning of the extraordinary numbers in Genesis 4 and 5 is linked to astronomical observations of the ancient astronomer priests who were in the service of the Mighty Men of Old, but there is still much to be learned about this.

It may be that we have to look to the earlier Nilotic solar symbolism. In Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, the zero is a solar symbol and the emblem of the creator God, called Ra ("Ani" in Akkadian). The solar symbol O might signify the divine status of the ruler or it could indicate a solar year of 365 daily cycles.

The ancient Nilotes and the Egyptians had a large inventory of solar symbolism because of their religious understanding of the High God whose emblem was the Sun. Their main ideogram for "Sun" was a representation of the solar disk, such as this:



Is it possible that the zero is simply a solar symbol? The O is for modern thinker a place holder, but it may have represented the sum of the days in a solar cycle, that is 3+6+5 =14 years. Kenan's 910 might be 91+14 = 105 years. Seth's 600 might be 6+14+14 = 44. Adam's 930 years might be 9+3+14 = 26 years.

These are reasonable spans for ancient rulers. However, what are we do with ages that do not have any 0's? Consider Methuselah's son, Lamech the Younger. He is said to have lived 777 years. Did he live only 21 years?





The matter is further complicated by the discrepancy between the various recensions. Lamech the Younger is assigned different numbers. In the Septuagint he is said to have lived 753 years. In the Samaritan Pentateuch, he is said to have lived 653 years, and in the Masoretic Text he is said to have lived 777. No other man in the Genesis king lists has such a discrepancy in the number of years assigned.

The term "Lamech" is a variant of the Akkadian word la-melech, meaning "priest of the King." Hundreds of seals have been found inscribed with la-melech. La-melech seals typically had the image of a scarab (dung beetle) or a sun disc. Both were emblems of the Creator and his Son. The sun disc and scarab were used as a royal seal by the Kings of Judah. Hezekiah's seal is an example.


Friday, October 19, 2018

INDEX of Topics at Biblical Anthropology


Learn to read the Bible through the lens of cultural anthropology and you will never read it the same way again. If you are new to this research, it would be helpful to begin with these articles:

Biblical Anthropology is the Work of Christians
The Bible and Science (4-part series)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (7-part series)


INDEX  (Current as of 30 October 2018)

Abraham
The Calling of Abraham
The Marriage and Ascendancy Pattern of Abraham's People
Abraham's Complaint
Abraham's Authority and Ancient Law Codes
Abraham, Descendant of Both Ham and Shem
Roads Connected Abraham's Territory
What Language Did Abraham Speak?
Who Was the Bigger Liar, Abraham or Isaac?
Were Abraham's Ancestors Rulers or Refugees?
Abraham and Job: Horite Rulers

Activities of Ancient and Archaic Peoples
Threshing
Sheep Cotes
Swimming and Diving
Brick Making in the Ancient World
Textiles in the Ancient World
Silk Production 8000 Years Ago
The Ancient Egyptians Were Sea Faring
The Northern Range of Archaic Humans
Some Marks of Prehistoric Religion
The Stone Age
The Age of the Earth and Evidence of Human Occupation

Adam
Blaming Original Sin on Adam
The Historical Adam
Adam Was a Red Man
Adam and Eve: The Blood and the Birther
Elder Joseph on Adam and Eve

Africa
The Africa Chesterton Never Knew
The Shrine City of Nekhen
Why Nekhen is Anthropologically Significant
The Mega-Nile
Africa is Archaeologically Rich
Sudan is Archaeologically Rich

Afro-Arabians
Peleg: Time of Division
The Joktanite Tribes
The Jebusites Unveiled
Intermarriage Between the Dedanites and the Edomites

Afro-Asiatics
Interview with Christopher Ehret
Ethics and Religious Practices of the Afro-Asiatics
Afro-Asiatic Rulers and the Celestial Archetype
Nimrod, an Afro-Asiatic Kingdom Builder
Afro-Asiatic Kingdom Building
The Afro-Asiatic Dominion
The Spread of the Afro-Asiatic Worldview
Afro-Asiatic Symbols that Speak of God

Agriculture
Horticulture in the Ancient World
Olive Oil Production in the Ancient World
Threshing Floors and Solar Symbolism
32,000 Year Flour Processing Plant
Ancient Nubians Used Plants Medicinally
The Judean Palm

Ainu/Annu
Solving the Ainu Mystery
The Annu of On (Iunu)
The Nile-Japan Ainu Connection
Abraham's Ainu Ancestors
Ainu at Genetic Center
A Kindling of Ancient Memory
The Bible and the Question of Race

Akkadian
Akkadian Lexicon

Amorites
The Amorites: Caste of Royal Scribes
The Amorites: Aryan Canaanites?
The Ar Clans

Anatolia
The Prehistoric Anatolians Lived Well
The Last Days of Hattusa
The Luwian: Another Theory
A New Hieroglyphic Inscription from Pancarlı Höyük
The Trapezoid in Ancient Architecture and Technology
ÇATALHÖYÜK 2005 ARCHIVE: Çatalhöyük Research Project

Ancestor Veneration
Teraphim: Idols or Ancestor Figurines?
The Nephilim: Angels or Ancestors
The Bosom of Abraham
Recovering the African Background of Genesis

Animals in the Bible
Celestial Horses
The Animals on Noah's Ark
The Rooster in Biblical Symbolism
Ram Symbolism of the Ancient World
The Red Heifer
The Ostrich in Biblical Symbolism
Did Abraham's People Have "Easter" Eggs?
The Fatted Calf
Why Cows Were Sacred in the Ancient World
Elephants in the Time of Abraham
Abraham's Camels
Dogs in the Bible
Noah's Birds
The Lion and Judah
Jesus: From Lamb to Ram
Animal Totems Used to Trace Ancestry
Goats: In Memory of Ellen and Gordon Hatcher

Anthropology
Why Nekhen is Anthropologically Significant
Genesis Through the Lens of Anthropology
Anthropological Evidence for the Exodus

Apocalyptic Literature
The Seventh Seal and Silence in Heaven
The Seven Bowls of Revelation 16
Number Symbolism in Revelation
The Dragon and the Beast of Revelation
Revelation 12: The Woman, The Child, and the Dragon
The Signs of Revelation 12
Christ's Message to the Seven Churches

Aaron
The Aaronic Blessing Speaks of the Gospel
Moses' Wives and Brothers

Architecture
The Ancient Tumuli of Nobles
The Pillars of Solomon's Temple
Sun Cities of the Ancient World
Prehistoric Obelisk Found in Judah
Circumcision and Circles of Standing Stones in the Judean Hills
Horite Temples
The High Places
The Shrine City of Nekhen
77,000-Year Settlement in Sudan
Europe's Oldest Prehistoric Town Unearthed in Bulgaria
The Trapezoid in Ancient Architecture
Sheep Cotes

Ark of the Covenant
The Ark Rested in Bethlehem
Was the Pattern of the Ark Original?

Ascendancy Patterns

Astronomy
The Religion of the Archaic Rulers
The Celestial Dance Observed by the Magi
Who Were the Wise Men?
The Sun and the Moon in Genesis
Ancient African Astronomers
Reality is Cross Shaped

Axial Age
Understanding the Axial Age

Bethlehem
Which Bethlehem was Jesus' Birthplace?
The Ark Rested in Bethlehem
Bethlehem in the Time of Abraham
Who Were the Wise Men?
Horite Expectation and the Star of Bethlehem
Middle Bronze Age Tomb Found in Bethlehem

Biblical Anthropology
Dismantling Outdated Interpretations
Biblical Anthropology is the Work of Christians
What is Biblical Anthropology?
An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Support Biblical Anthropology Research
Biblical Anthropology, the Science, Not Speculative Theology
Talking on Facebook about Biblical Anthropology
Biblical Anthropology and the Question of Common Ancestry
Biblical Anthropology is Science
Is Biblical Anthropology an Oxymoron?
Biblical Anthropologists Discuss Darwin
The Bible and Anthropological Investigation
What Does a Biblical Anthropologist Do?
Biblical Anthropology and Antecedents
Derrida and Biblical Anthropology
Charles Kraft on Why Few Christians Are Cultural Anthropologists
Dean Arnold on Christian Anthropologists

Biblical Names
Royal Names in Genesis
The Nubian Context of YHWH
An African Reflects on Biblical Names
African Naming Practices
Is Enoch a Royal Title
Conversation about Hausa Origins
Conversation about Igbo Origins

Biblical Worldview
The Biblical Worldview
Science and Miracles
The Sacred Center in Biblical Theology

Binary Distinctions
Binary Sets and the Binary Worldview
Does the Binary Feature Signal Greater Complexity?
The Binary Aspect of the Biblical Worldview
The Importance of Binary Distinctions
Binary Sets in the Ancient World
Circumcision and Binary Distinctions
Blood and Binary Distinctions

Blood Symbolism
Comparing Cosmologies to Trace Origins
Blood and Crosses
Water and Blood
Mining Blood
The Blood of Jesus
The Pleromic Blood and Gender Distinctions
Blood and Binary Distinctions

Bread
Threshing Floors and Solar Symbols

Burial Practices
Red Ocher People
Kushite Burial Practices
The Graves of Gebel el Silsila
The Ancient Tumuli of Nobles
Burial Practices of the Rulers of Old
Stone Work of the Ancient World
The Priesthood in England - Part 3

Cain
Who Did Cain Marry?
Cain as Ruler
The Mark of Cain

Calendars
Does the Gezer Calendar Reflect Nilotic Farming Practices?

Canaanite
The Canaanite Y and the Phaistos Disk
The Urheimat of the Canaanite Y
The Peoples of Canaan
Who Were the Canaanites?

Castes
Evidence of Castes in the Book of Ruth
The Origin of Castes
Religion of the Archaic Rulers

Christ in Biblical Anthropology
The Giving God
The Eternal Son Comes Down From Heaven
The Christ as Alpha and the Omega
The Risen Christ in Genesis

Circumcision
Circumcision and Standing Stones in the Judean Hills
Why Zipporah Circumcised Her Son
The Origin of Circumcision
Circumcision and Binary Distinctions
A Bridegroom of Blood

Cities
Twin Cities of the Ancient World
Sun Cities of the Ancient World
The High Places
The Shrine City of Nekhen

Climate
When the Sahara was Wet
Genesis and Climate Change
Water Systems Connected Nile and Central Africa
Climate Cycles and Noah's Flood
The Jordan River in Abraham's Time
Kansas Science Bill Faces Defeat
Rick Pott's Variability Hypothesis has Biblical support
Antarctica Once Had Baobab Trees

Cosmology
Comparing Cosmologies to Trace Origins
The Cosmology of Abraham's People
Biblical Cosmology and Ethics
A Flat Earth and the Biblical Evidence
The Pillars of the Earth

Creationism
The Age of the Earth and the Evidence of Human Occupation
Conversation on Creationism About False Choices
Evidence of an Old Earth - Part 1
Evidence of an Old Earth - Part 2

Crucifixion
Hanged on a Tree

David
David's Bloodline
David's Royal City
The Ethnicity of Abraham and David
David's Zion Found

Death
Gathered to His people
The Bosom of Abraham
Sheol and the Second Death
The Question of Immortality
Righteous Rulers and the Resurrection

Deborah
The Judges Samuel, Deborah and Huldah
Deborah the Warrior Bee
The Precedent for Women Rulers in Ancient Egypt

Dedanites
Intermarriage Between the Dedanites and the Edomites
The Afro-Arabian Dedanites
Who Were the Dedanites?

Derrida, Jacques
Derrida and Biblical Anthropology
Levi-Strauss and Derrida on Binary Oppositions

Deuteronomist
How the Deuteronomist Changes the Genesis Narrative
Afro-Asiatic Influences on the Deuteronomist Historian
Fundamentalism and Syncretism in Hebrew History
The Reconceptualization of Kingship in Deuteronomy

DNA Studies
Haplogroups of Interest to Biblical Anthropologists
Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA)
Tut's Father Married His Cousin
Ethiopian DNA Study Ignores Significant Data
Ashkenazi Represent Judeo-Khazar Admixture
A Kindling of Ancient Memory
Abraham: Descendant of Both Shem and Ham
Migrations Out of Africa
Denisovan Populations
Denisovan Finds Create a Stir
Genetic Risks in Cousin Marriage
Genetic Adam Never Knew Genetic Eve
DNA Research Confirms Kushite Migration
DNA Confirms Mixed Ancestry of Jews
Mitochondrial Eve
Genesis and Genetics
Sub-Saharan DNA of Modern Jews
DNA Research Confirms Kushite Migration
Overview of Human Origins
A Flawed Paradigm
Is Scientific Dating of Fossils Reliable?
Genesis on Human Origins
The Making of Man
Genesis: Is It Really About Human Origins?
Q and A on Creation vs Evolution
Genesis and Genetics
Hunter-Gatherer Study Inconclusive
Ethiopian DNA Study Ignores Significant Data
A Kindling of Ancient Memory
Abraham: Descendant of Both Shem and Ham
Migrations Out of Africa
80,000 Year African Ancestor of Chinese Men

Earth Science
Walking Rocks
Pillars of the Earth
Geologic Studies Confirm Biblical Data

Eber
Who Was Eber?
Noah's Sons and Their Descendants

Ecclesiasticus (Wisdom of Ben Sirach)
The Chiastic Center of Ecclesiasticus
The Wisdom of Jesus Ben Sirach

Edom
The Antiquity of the Edomite Rulers
Edom and Copper
Edo, Edom, Idumea
Edom and the Horites
The Edomites and the Color Red
Ancient Seats of Wisdom
Two Named Esau
Petra Reflects Horite Beliefs

Egypt
Ancient Egyptian Lexicon
Etymology of the Vav
Egypt in the Christmas Narrative
Exploring Hosea 11:1 - "Out of Egypt"
The Sudanese Origins of Pharaonic Egypt
Egypt in the Book of Genesis
Ancient Egyptians Were Seafaring
Medical Care in Ancient Egypt
The World's Oldest Book Found in Egypt

Ethnicity
The Ethnicity of David and Abraham
Who Were the Kushites?
Ashkenazi Represent Judeo-Khazar Admixture
Were the Natufians Kushites?
The Bible and the Question of Race
Who Were the Horites?
What Color Was Abraham?
Abraham and the Mahra/Masek

Eve in the Bible
The Biblical Meaning of Eve
Eve's Sin

Exodus
Anthropological Evidence for the Exodus
Number Symbolism in the Bible

Ezekiel
Ezekiel's New Temple

Fertility/ Fertility Images
Fertility Images Among Abraham's People
Sacred Mountains and Pillars
Peaks and Valleys in Biblical Symbolism

Food
Food Prohibitions and Religious Belief
Horticulture in the Ancient World
Olive Oil Production in the Ancient World
Nubian Beer
Wine Use in Antiquity
Why Cows Were Sacred in the Ancient World

Galilee
The Significance of Galilee in Matthew's Gospel

Genesis (Book)
Genesis in Anthropological Perspective
Decoding the Longevity of the Genesis Rulers
Index of Topics on Genesis
The African Cultural Context of Genesis 1-12
Christ's Resurrection in Genesis

Gezer
The Gezer Calendar
Circumcision and Standing Stones in the Judean Hills
The Peoples of Canaan

Hebrews (Book)
Paul to Hebrew Christians: Hold Fast the Faith of Your Horim
Paul to Hebrew Christians: Persevere in Hope
Hebrews 10: Christ's All Sufficient Sacrifice

High Places (Tamana/Ophel/Oppidum/Kar/Car)
The High Places
Karampetsos, Karambet, Karoutes
Kushite Shrines

Hittites
The Hittites of Anatolia
Abraham and the Hittites
The Last Days of Hattusa

Horites
Who Were the Horites?
Horite Temples
Was King Arthur a Horite Ruler?
The Nubian Context of YHWH
Totems and Tracing the Horites in History
Jesus' Horite Lineage
Samuel's Horite Family
The Men Who Spied on Canaan
Meroe on the Orontes

Hosea
Exploring Hosea 11:1 - "Out of Egypt"

Hungarian (Magyar)
Hungarian Lexicon

Human Origins
Fully Human From the Beginning
Overview of Human Origins
A Scientific Timeline of Genesis
Genesis and Genetics
Q and A on Creation and Evolution
Is Genesis Really About Human Origins?
Getting the facts About Human Origins

Idols/Idolatry
Graven Images and Idols
Fundamentalism and Syncretism in Hebrew History
Teraphim: Idols or Ancestral Figurines?

Jebusites
The Jebusites Unveiled
Jerusalem Under the Jebusites
The Jebu, Sheba, Joktan Confederation
The Priestly Order of Melchizedek

Jethro
Who Was Jethro?
A Bridegroom of Blood

Jesus
Jesus' Horite Lineage
Who is Jesus?
Mother and Son Pierced

Jerusalem
The Jerusalem that David Knew
Jerusalem Under the Jebusites
Jerusalem Pilgrimage

Jews
Ashkenazi Represent Judeo-Khazar Admixture
Sub-Saharan DNA of Modern Jews

Job
Abraham and Job: Horite Rulers
Righteous Job and His Kin
Job's Friends and Their Contribution to the Message of Job

Joshua
The Men Who Spied on Canaan

Judah
The Lion and Judah

Judaica
Are Rabbinic Interpretations of the Bible Accurate?
Did Jews Live in Dynastic Egypt?
Challenge to Shaye Cohen's Portrayal of Abraham as the First Jew
Member of Israel's Parliament Destroys Bible
Rabbi Hirsch on the Nations
The Talmud on the Virgin Mary
Talmudic Legend vs Biblical History

Judges
The Scatter-Gather Motif in Judges

Hazor
Hazor's Destruction: Another Theory

Hebrew
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 1 - Introduction)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 2 - Descent)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 3 - Inheritance)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 4 - Right to Rule)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 5 - Residence)
The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew (Part 6 - Governance)
Denying Marriage: A cunning royal strategy

Kinship Analysis
Lamech Segment Analysis
The Cousin Bride's Naming Prerogative
The Pattern of Two Wives
The Marriage and Ascendancy Pattern of Abraham's People
Denying Marriage: A cunning royal strategy
Analysis of the Genesis 4 and 5 King Lists
The Lines of Ham and Shem Intermarried
Kain and Seth Married the Daughters of Nok
Methuselah's Wife
Noah's Sons and Their Descendants
Abraham's First-Born Son
The Genesis King Lists
Joseph's Relationship to Mary

Kushites
Identifying King Tut's Father
Royal Prayers
The Kushite Marriage Pattern Drove Kushite Expansion

Levites
Who Were the Levites?

Mary (Theotokos)
Was the Virgin Mary a Dedicated Royal Woman?
The Theotokos and Weaving
The Virgin Mary's Ancestry
Mother and Son Pierced

Melchizedek
The Lineage of Melchizedek
The Order of Melchizedek
Who Laid the Foundations of Science?

Metal workers
Red and Black Smiths
Copper and Iron
Afro-Asiatic Metal Workers

Midian
The Priests of Midian
Who Was Jethro?

Migration
The Migration of Abraham's Ancestors
DNA Research Confirms Kushite Migration
Does Genesis 10 Describe the Ainu Dispersion?

Mining/Miners
Miners Venerated Hathor
V. Kassianidou and A. Bernard Knapp, Archaeometallurgy in the Mediterranean: The Social Context of Mining, Technology and Trade
Copper and Iron

Moses
Moses the Horite Hebrew Priest
Moses's Horite Family
Moses's Wives and Brothers
The Serpent of Moses's Staff
A Bridegroom of Blood
Mosaic Authorship?
Moses and Abraham: Different Origins of Israel?

Music
Lyre Music from 1400 BC

Mythology
The Christ in Nilotic Mythology
Eliade Was Right About Celestial Archetypes
The Mythological Core of Christianity
Tehut's Victory Over Tehom
Heaven or Heavens: Does It Matter?

Nahor
Are the Names Nahor and Nehesi Related?

Nazareth
The Priests of Nazareth
Jesus of Nazareth, Son of David
Jesus' Home in Nazareth?
The Nazareth-Egypt Connection

Neolithic Industries and Technologies
Wine Making
Seeds from Heaven
Afro-Asiatic Metal Workers
Ancient Miners Venerated Hathor
Stone Work of the Ancient World
Genesis and the Stone Age

Nilo-Saharans/Proto-Saharans
Menes the Law Giver
Boats and Cows of the Proto-Saharans
Was Noah Mesopotamian or Proto-Saharan?
Sudan is Archaeologically Rich
Nilo-Saharan and Saharo-Nubian Populations

Noah
As in the days of Noah
Noah's Homeland
Noah's Flood: Where and When?
Saving Noah
Was Earth Repopulated After Noah's Flood?
Noah's Descendants
Noah's Sons and Their Descendants
Noah's Birds
Noah's Dog
Forty Days and Forty Nights
Noah: The Hollywood Version
Was Noah Mesopotamian or Proto-Saharan?
How Big Was Noah's Flood?

Nubia/Nubians
The Nubian Moiety
Nubian Warriors
The Nubian Context of YHWH
The Land of Wawat
Nubian Captives
Nubians Brewed Beer with Tetracycline

Number Symbolism
The Symbolism of Numbers in the Bible
Number Symbolism in the BibleNumber Symbolism in Revelation
Three Sons and The Son
Is Gematria Helpful in Decoding the Genesis King Lists?

Order of Creation
Hierarchy in Creation
Genesis and Genetics
Plato and Intelligent Design

Original Sin/Inherited Guilt
Inherited Guilt of Infection of Death?
What Happened in the Garden?
Is "Good and Evil" a Biblical Merism?

Philistines
Facts and Theories About the Philistines

Priests
Who Were the Horite Hebrew?
The Priesthood is About the Blood
Why Women Were Never Priests
Physician Priests of Antiquity
Religion of the Archaic Rulers
The Priesthood in England - Part 1
The Priesthood in England - Part 2
The Priesthood in England - Part 3
The Priesthood in England - Conclusion
Horite Priests and the Hapiru
Horite Territory
The Origins of the Priesthood
Abraham and Job: Horite Rulers
Shepherd Priests
The Horite Conception of the Priesthood
God as Male Priest
The Daughters of Priests
Shamans and Priests

Questions Asked
Questions Asked by Primitive Man
Questions High Schoolers Ask About Genesis
More Questions About Sex
Is the Enoch Mentioned in the Sumerian Text the Enoch of Genesis?

Resurrection
Deified Rulers and Resurrection
The Sting of Death
Resurrection as Mirrored Reality
Matthew's Testimony Concerning the Empty Tomb
What Abraham Discovered on Mount Moriah

Revelation (Book)
Christ's Message to the Seven Churches
Number Symbolism in Revelation
The Signs of Revelation 12
The Woman, the Child and the Dragon
The Dragon and the Beast
The Seven Bowls of Revelation 16
The Seventh Seal and Silence in Heaven

Rulers
Rulers of the Ancient World
Royal Treaties
Archaic and Ancient Symbols of Authority
The Genesis King Lists
Nimrod, Afro-Asiatic Kingdom Builder
The Mighty Men of Old

Sacrifice
The Continuing Debate of Child Sacrifice
Where Did Animal Sacrifice Originate?
Did Abraham Intend to Sacrifice Isaac?

Sacred Spaces
Sheep Cotes
Threshing Floors
Mount Mary and the Origins of Life
Sacred Mountains
Mount Moriah
Mount Meru
Reading the Magdala Stone

Saka
Was Constantine a Saka Ruler?

Samuel
Samuel's Horite Family

Seals (bullae)
3000 Year Temple Seal
Yahu Seals

Seth
The Ruler Seth
Seth's Father and Abraham's Mother

Sex
Thoughts on Sex
More Thoughts on Sex

Solar Symbolism
The Sun and the Sacred
The Brentford Shard: Chi Rho or Solar Symbol?
The Gourd in Biblical Symbolism
Threshing Floors and Solar Symbolism
Sun Symbolism and Blood Guilt
A Tent for the Sun
The Dung Beetle and Heavenly Lights
The Sun and Celestial Horses

Song of Songs
Roles Reversed in the Song of Songs?

Technologies
Who Laid the Foundations of Science
The Tool Makers of Kathu
58,000 Year South African Pigment and Glue Factory
500,000 Year Engraved Shell
Flour Processing 32,000 Years Ago
The Trapezoid in Ancient Architecture and Technology
Mining Blood
Paleolithic Industries at Jabal Harun (Aaron's Mountain)
Archaic Shell Technology

Tehom
Tehom: Tihama of the Hadramout and Aden
The Victory of Tehut over Tehom

Temples
The Pillars of Solomon's Temple
The Temple of the Winged Lions
Destruction of the Temple: Rabbinic Interpretations
Horite Temples
Orientations of Nilo-Saharan Monuments

Toponymy
Meroe on the Orontes
Twin Cities of the Ancient World
Standing Stones

Totems
Totems and Tracing the Horites in History
Using Totems to Trace Ancestry and Marriage Ties
Totemism in the Old Testament
The Lion and Judah

Tradition
Received Tradition: Pushing back the veil of time
Religion of the Archaic Rulers

Trees
The Judean Palm
What Happened to the Cedars of Lebanon?
Trees as Boundary Markers
The Trees of Prophets
Trees of the Bible
The Tree of Life

Tribes and Clans
The Edomites and the Color Red
Edom and the Horites
Extant Biblical Tribes and Clans
Jebusites: Extant Biblical Tribe
The Peoples of Canaan
The Clans of Ar

Two Wives
Horite Hebrew Rulers with Two Wives
The Pattern of Two Wives

Uniqueness of the Bible
Sacred Writings and the Uniqueness of the Bible
The Bible and Imagined Morality

Water
Water and Blood
Theories of Primal Substance
The Stirring of the Water

Wisdom
Seats of Wisdom
Ancient Wisdom, Science and Technology
The Wisdom of Ben Sira
The Chiastic Center of Ecclesiasticus
Who Were the Wise Men?

Women
Women Prophets and Shamans
Sister Wives and Cousin Wives

Written Communications in Antiquity
Yahu Seals
Paleolithic Ostrich Eggshells
The Urheimat of the Canaanite Y
Thamudic Scripts
Thamudic and Nabataean Inscriptions from Umm Al-Rasas by M.C.A. Macdonald
Old North Arabian Scripts
The Writing System of Menes, the First Law Giver
The World's Oldest Books
The Proto-Elamite Script
Canaanite Origins of the Alphabet
Early Written Signs
The Origins of Written Communication
The Writing of David's Realm
Enigmatic Petroglyphs of Saudi Arabia's High Plateau
The Dispilio Tablet

Zion
David's Zion Found

Zipporah
Why Zipporah Circumcised Her Son
A Bridegroom of Blood or a Groom Protected by Blood?
Why Zipporah Used a Flint Knife