Alice C. Linsley
The temporal sacred center is when the Sun reaches at the peak of the day and is directly overhead so that there are no shadows. This is represented on many cross-like artifacts that have a solar image at the top center, such as the ancient Egyptian Ankh or the Agadez Cross (shown below).
Votive offerings at the high places were called tama or tamata. This is related to an ancient word for fortified mounds: tamana. This toponym has been found in 188 countries and five continents. Many tamana predate the high places of Susa, Körös-Tisza, the Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. The term tamana means "stronghold" in the Manding language of Africa, the Magyar language of Hungary, and the Dravidian languages spoken in India.
Both cool and hot encounters with God are found in the book of Genesis. In the garden, God came to commune “in the cool of the day” (Gen. 3:8), but in the destruction of Sodom, He came “in the heat of the day” (Gen. 18:1). In the cool encounter, God comes to the tree at the center, as the Sun rises over the land from east to west. In the story of the destruction of Sodom, God moves in an eastward direction from the hill country above Sodom.
Confirmation of this cosmological view of the sacred center marked by the Sun comes from study of the Inadan metalworkers. They craft the Agadez cross and speak a secret language called tnt, which is symbolized by the "sign of TNT" which looks like this:
|Askelon tanit shows Hathor between the horizons.
Above her is the mountain, a place of meeting God.
The mountain is crowned with cow horns in which the Sun rests at the sacred center.