Dr. Alice C. Linsley
A close reading of the biblical texts makes it clear that the Hebrew social structure was not characterized by the typical features of a strict patriarchy: descent, inheritance, residence, right to govern/judge, and authority. These are not vested exclusively with Hebrew males.
Attributed authority came with the offices of king, priest, judge, or prophet.
Related reading: The Influence of Hebrew Wives, Symbols of Authority Among the Early Hebrew; Appointment by Divine Overshadowing; The Social Structure of the Biblical Hebrew; The Hebrew Hierarchy of Sons; The Marriage and Inheritance of Hebrew Daughters