Monday, June 4, 2012

Does Genesis 10 Describe the Ainu Dispersion?

Alice C. Linsley

Here is an interesting paper on the origins of the Ijo of Nigeria and other peoples who may have a connection to Noah's ancestors. It mentions the seafaring Oru (also called the Anu, Hanu or Ainu) who were the an important people of the Nile Valley civilization and the complexes at Lake Chad and Nok. Lake Chad was Noah's homeland and Nok is probably the Biblical Nod to which Cain wandered. The words Nod נוד and Nok נוך are virtually identical in the Hebrew script.

Genesis 10 tells us that Noah and his people spread out from Bor-No (Land of Noah) to populate the earth. Though all the peoples of the earth did not come from Noah's three sons, many modern peoples can be traced back to Noah's ancestors, the Nilotic Ainu, through molecular genealogy.

The Ainu were aboriginal peoples of the Upper Nile. They were the first rulers of the Lower Nile. One of their sanctuaries was called Annu, the original name for Heliopolis (Biblical Onn), to which the great pyramids were aligned.

The Ainu were seafarers and had a written language which they introduced to the lands where they traveled and settled. They spread from the Nile to Japan. This explains why the Japanese alphabet is almost identical to the Hebrew alphabet.  Both are based on the Ainu writing system.

The Ainu of Japan and the Ainu who crossed into North America through Finland, Greenland and Labrador are in the same haplogroup. In the northern climates the bear appears to have been the symbol or totem of the Creator, and a young bear that has been raised about the Ainu is sacrificed. The owner of the cub invites all the people of his village to come and take part in the sacrifice and the feast that follows. The Ainu elders arrive wearing crowns made of the sacred willow shavings. These have an bear's head ornament on front.

Among the Nilotic Ainu the symbol or emblem of the Creator was the sun and this was displayed resting over the Nile between two lions (ruti), or cradled between the long horns that crowned Hathor, the mother of Horus. A principal Ainu shrine city along the Nile was Heliopolis (Biblical On). Joseph married the daughter of a priest of On (Gen. 41:45). The oldest known shrine dedicated to Hathor and Horus is Nekhen. Images from Nekhen, a 3,500 year old Horite shrine city, show ruler-priests carrying flails and crooks and wearing iron beads around their necks. The flail and crook became the symbols of authority for the Pharaohs.

Ainu Physical Features

Accounts of the Ainu of Hokkaido (Yezo), a northern island of Japan, dating for the late 19th century describes Ainu women in these words: "Some of them, especially the younger ones, are quite good-looking. Their features are a little round, perhaps, and the cheek-bone somewhat high; but their complexion is of a pleasant, rosy kind." They have dark eyes and they are tattooed. The elders insisted on this, saying, "Our ancestors were thus tattooed, so therefore must we be." (From here.)

Ainu women. One on right with beard

The red skin tone is not always pronounced, but other features among the Ainu men are distinctive. These include full beards, wide foreheads, bushy brows, headgear with a frontal piece, and decorative motifs on the embroidered robes. Compare these photos.

Ainu of Eastern Canada

Ainu elder of Hokkaido, Japan

My Ainu friend Sea’Key tells me that the Ainu of eastern Canada have a red skin tone and are bearded. Some have green eyes. The red skin hue may appear as rosy cheeks or a reddish tone over tanned skin like that of Egyptians who work in the sun (I Sam. 16:12; 17:42). King David was described as having this red skin tone. The Hebrew word for red or ruddy is edom. Edom is equivalent to the Hausa odum, meaning red-brown and to the word Adam, the first man formed from the red clay which washed down to the Upper Nile Valley from the Ethiopian highlands. These soils have a cambic B horizon. Chromic cambisols have a strong red brown color.

Abraham means “burnt father” and refers to his reddish skin color. In Arabic, the word ham means burnt. The Nilotic peoples were referred to burnt because they had a reddish skin tone. This included some Nubians, as is evidenced from the drawings of Jean-Francois Champollion who lead the French-Tuscan Expedition of 1828. One drawing depicts a scene from the Great Temple at As in which some Nubian captives of Ramesses II are black and others are red.

Red and black Nubians
Detail from a Champollion drawing 

The Matagi hunters of the Tōhoku region of northern Japan have much in common with the bear cult of the Ainu. Hunting bears for meat and fur is a winter activity. In the spring a young bear cub is captured and raised in the Ainu village. It is a symbol of the young god who is sacrificed before the snow falls. The sacrifice is followed by a great feast. Two of Abraham's ancestors are remembered for their hunting prowess: Nimrod, the son of Kush, and Esau who was said to be hairy and red.

The place names of the Ainu of Japan also reveal connections to the Nile. Horo-betsu, Kotan, Assuru, and Kanari are found among the Nilo-Saharans. The Japanese word yama or the Chinese mn came to be suffixed to Ainu names. Yama means mountain. Thus we have Usu-yamn, Sawara-yama, Iivaki-san, Fuji-san, and many other similar names. However, the Ainu word for mountain is nuburi.

The Ainu Dispersion

The Ainu of Eastern Canada are in mtDNA haplogroup X. The dispersion of haplogroup X is shown below. The greatest concentrations are indicated by the darker shade. MtDNA traces lineage by the mitochondria, received from the mothers.

DNA analysis have been made on skeletons from Viking tombs. The mtDNA haplogroups found were the same as those found in Europe, but with a higher percentage of the now rare haplogroups I and X. Haplogroup X emerged about 30,000 years ago from haplogroup N (mitochondrial DNA). Haplogroup N spans many continents and is derived from the ancestral L3 haplotype that represents the 'Out of Africa' migration. 
  Note the small dot in Southern Siberia. This is the only known archaic HgX population in that entire region, indicating that the Ainu of Eastern Canada did not come to North America across the Bering Strait.

If Abraham's Ainu ancestors spread far and wide as Genesis 10 reports, we would expect them to be an early stock from which many other modern peoples come. This has been confirmed by Luigi Cavalli-Sforza's genetic distance chart which places the Ainu at the center.

Genetic studies confirms that the Nilotic peoples called "Kushites" in the Bible dispersed widely and among them were some of Abraham's Ainu and Nubian ancestors who took with them their religious beliefs and practices, including their expectation of a righteous divine son who would be born of their ruler-priest bloodlines. This is the origin of Messianic expectation and it precedes the emergence of the Jewish people by about 4000 years.


  1. Ainu people spread all around the world? wow... .

  2. The Ainu were a strong, vigorous people who believed in multiplying and filling the earth. They were skilled in hunting, metal work, boat building and navigation.

  3. The most well-known unique event polymorphism (UEP) that defines DE is the Y-chromosome Alu Polymorphism "YAP". The mutation was caused when a strand of DNA, known as Alu, inserted a copy of itself into the Y chromosome. Hence, all Y chromosomes belonging to DE, D, E and their subclades are YAP-positive (YAP+). All Y chromosomes that belong to other haplogroups and subclades are YAP-negative (YAP-).

    Subclades of haplogroup D-CTS3946 are found primarily in East Asia, though they are also found regularly with low frequency in Central Asia and Southeast Asia, and have also been found sporadically in Western Africa and Western Asia.

    Haplogroup E-M96 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is one of the two main branches of the older and ancestral haplogroup DE, the other main branch being haplogroup D. The E-M96 clade is divided into two main subclades: the more common E-P147, and the less common E-M75.


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